USB 3.0 has finally hit the market in 2010, USB 3.0 adds the new transfer rate referred to as SuperSpeed USB (SS) that can transfer data at up to 5 Gbit/s (625 MB/s), which is about ten times as fast as the USB 2.0 standard. This is in stark contrast to previous USB standards, like USB 2.0, that at best can only transmit data at 480 Mbps, or USB 1.1 that tops out at 12 Mbps.
The specification of USB 3.0 is similar to that of USB 2.0, But there are a lot of improvements and alternatives.The changes in this specification make improvements in the following areas, there will tell you what is the USB 3.0:
Transfer speed – USB 3.0 adds a new transfer type called SuperSpeed or SS, 5 Gbit/s (electrically, it is more similar to PCI Express 2.0 and SATA than USB 2.0)
USB 3.0 Connectors – In order to be compatible with the use of the interface with the previous generation interface, the same shape or only slight changes, each generation of USB will be designed to be compatible with the previous generation USB interface, if not we will not be able to use the previous device.
There are two categories of interface in USB 3.0, A and B type.
USB Type A: These connectors, officially referred to as USB 3.0 Standard-A
USB Type B: These connectors, officially referred to as USB 3.0 Standard-B and USB 3.0 Powered-B
USB 3.0 Type A plugs and receptacles are physically compatible with those from USB 2.0 and USB 1.1.
A USB 3.0 Standard-A receptacle accepts either a USB 3.0 Standard-A plug or and USB 2.0 Standard-A plug. Instead, it is possible to plug a USB 3.0 Standard-A plug into a USB 2.0 Standard-A receptacle. This is a principle of backward compatibility.
A USB 3.0 Standard-B receptacle accepts either a USB 3.0 Standard-B plug or a USB 2.0 Standard-B plug. But it is not possible to plug a USB 3.0 Standard-B plug into a USB 2.0 Standard-B receptacle, because of the USB 3.0 Standard-B physically larger connector.
How to differentiate between 2.0 and 3.0 interfaces
Color distinction: on the computer, you can distinguish according to the color of the socket, USB2.0 is black, USB3.0 is blue (usually located in the back of the host, because USB3.0 need to install the driver).
Look at the controller: Open Windows Device Manager, right-click My Computer Manage, expand the USB bus controller.
Anyway, compared to the data transmission speed of USB3.0, USB 3.0 has greatly improved, with the increasing popularity of USB3.0, the USB3.0 will gradually replace the current USB2.0 in the future.